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Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential.
For many decades, fossil fuels such as coal, oil or gas have been major sources of electricity production, but burning carbon fuels produces large amounts of greenhouse gases which cause climate change and have harmful impacts on people’s well-being and the environment. This affects everyone, not just a few. Moreover, global electricity use is rising rapidly. In a nutshell, without a stable electricity supply, countries will not be able to power their economies.
One in five people of the world’s population do not have access to electricity. Without electricity, women and girls have to spend hours fetching water, clinics cannot store vaccines for children, many schoolchildren cannot do homework at night, and people cannot run competitive businesses. Another 2.8 billion people rely on wood, charcoal, dung and coal for cooking and heating, which results in over four million premature deaths a year due to indoor air pollution.
The world needs to triple its investment in sustainable energy infrastructure per year, from around $400 billion now to $1.25 trillion by 2030.
Sustainable energy is needed to strengthen the economy, protect ecosystems and achieve justice.
Wind Power Development in the Republic of Belarus
The international technical assistance project “Removing Barriers to Wind Power Development in Belarus” implemented by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus, with funding and support from the GEF and UNDP, has become one of the main tools for achieving Goal 7: “Affordable and clean energy”.
The project is developing the pre-investment assets for the construction of wind energy facilities in Belarus. The most prospective sites for the future wind farm were selected, statutory permits have been obtained, the reports with the results of monitoring and evaluation of the wind power potential and the Environmental Impact Assessment Report were prepared, as well as the pre-design documentation for the construction of the wind turbines has been developed. At this stage the project has reached the investor selection stage. The investors will be selected through open auctions.
The first pre-investment asset is “Wind Farm Veleshkovichi” Ltd. – the construction of a wind farm with a capacity of around 25 MW in Vitebsk region (near the Veleshkovichi village, Liozno district). It has been planned that 7 wind turbines, each with a capacity of about 3.5MW, will be built.
By order of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the project has developed the “Renewable Energy Development Strategy in the Republic of Belarus until 2030”. For the first time in the country there appeared a document containing key areas for the development of renewable energy, taking into account the development of the energy sector as a whole, based on global trends in the RES development, as well as the trends in industry and energy sectors of the Republic of Belarus, and the obligations undertaken by Belarus under international treaties.
In the course of the discussions organized by the Ministry of Natural Resources with the participation of UNDP, the Ministry of Energy, the Department for Energy Efficiency, the Ministry of Antimonopoly Regulation and Trade, the Ministry of Economy and scientific and public organizations, it was decided that the energy balance of the energy grid of Belarus must take into account the development of RES. As a result of this decision, a scientific and technical report “Development of the energy balance of the Belarusian energy grid, taking into account the development of renewable energy, including wind energy” was developed. The document includes the balance model, providing maximum involvement of renewable energy sources, including wind power; the ratio of the NPP and other electricity generating facilities capacity, including renewable energy sources; the forecast of the development of electricity generating sources of Belenergo and local sources by the type of use of energy resources; and forecast of generating capacity redundancy. On the basis of the developed models, the optimal model will be chosen and a draft regulatory legal act will be prepared, approving the energy balance of Belarus until 2030.
The Cadastre of Renewable Energy Sources was improved in the course of the project. http://minpriroda.of.by/Cadastre/Map
The Ministry of Natural Resources is responsible for the maintenance of the cadastre. Currently this information resource operates in a renewed format, it has been updated with relevant information, and it is publicly available online. It represents a convenient form for accounting that informs stakeholders about the RES use prospects; it allows for the assessment of their energy potential and efficiency, as well as the planning and forecasting of their territorial development.
On behalf of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the project took part in the exhibition EnergyExpo 2018, where the 23rd Belarusian Energy and Ecology Forum was held, as well as several specialized exhibitions devoted to the issues of new energy technologies, oil and gas technologies, ecology and others. At the Ministry of Natural Resources exposition, the project together with the “Republican Centre for State Ecological Expertise and Advanced Training of the Officials and Specialists” highlighted the topic of wind power in Belarus, and with a scaled down version of the wind turbine connected to the exercise bike, attracted the attention of many exhibition visitors who willingly cycled, generating energy for the recharging of mobile devices and rotating the demonstration wind turbine. https://www.windpower.by/news/968.html
As part of the project, the Ministry of Natural Resources is trying to attract the attention of not only energy sector specialists, but also various target groups who do not have a sufficient level of awareness of the topic of renewable energy. On June 15 (Global Wind Day) the project organizes various information and training activities. So in 2018, taking into account the purpose of the event, the roundtable “Development of wind energy in the Vitebsk region” was organized (with the participation of representatives of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Vitebsk Region Administration for Supervising the rational Use of Fuel and Energy Resources, the local executive authorities, Belenergo, “Vitebskenergo” RUE and development companies), as well as the review of the works of the children contest “Technical modelling in the field of wind use” and conducting a thematic quiz in Gymnasium No. 6 of Vitebsk. https://www.windpower.by/news/941.html
To attract all stakeholders to the development of renewable energy sources the Ministry of Natural Resources popularizes wind power everywhere. During the project a thematic video was created that will remind a wide audience of the benefits of wind energy development (environmental, social, economic and others). A shortened version of the video is presented as a social advertisement on the country's national channels, on public transport and on other information platforms. The full version of the video can already be seen on the main page of the project website www.windpower.by and on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQk1aC13NXA?
In addition to the video, the project also produced images on the theme of wind energy and posted them as social advertising on billboards in different regions of Belarus.